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What Happens to Generator When Load Increases?

If there is an increase in load when you’re using your generator, then your generator voltage will drop by 20% and the speed will be forced to be increased by 10%. This means that the more load you add to your generator, the more your generator’s voltage will drop and also might end up causing damage to your generator if you overload your generator.

Henceforward, to avoid overloading your generator, this article explains what generator load is and how you can run your generator with high or low loads.

What is Load In Generator?

Generator load is the amount of appliances your generator powered. These include things like refrigerator, cooker, television, air conditioner and many more to be listed. In other words, Generator loads are anything used with electricity that you want to power with your generator.

However, most individuals don’t know how their generator works and the amount of load they should be powered with. And this had caused many generators especially its alternator coil to be damaged beyond repairs.

A generator is meant to power appliances at a normal speed, but when it comes in loading the generator to a high load above the required level, generator owners will be forced to increase the speed limit of their generator so it will be able to power the loads.

And at this stage, the speed will decrease, but when the loads are unplugged, it will increase destroying anything that isn’t powerful enough that is plugged with the generator. Lastly for a generator to last long, ensure you don’t increase the speed to power your equipment or ensure you don’t overload your generator.

Does Load Affect Generator Fuel Consumption?

Yes, load does affect generator fuel consumption. The amount of fuel your generator needs to consume at the normal load rate will be increased by 10% when you decide to have more load or appliances to it.

For instance, you bought a portable generator for power necessary appliances, but there’s a need for you to iron your clothes because of a power outage you decide to use your generator. When you plug in your iron, there will be a power jack, a decrease in speed and also a decrease in voltage.

So, if the generator isn’t powering the iron properly, there’s a need for you to increase the generator, causing it to work more than it should, which will result in burning more fuel than it should. But in most cases, if the generator doesn’t receive necessary fuel it should have taken it, then it will start developing faults, for instance removing black smoke from the exhaust.

In addition, loading your generator all depends on the type of generator you are going for, if you want to power a high load, go for bigger generators like the standby generators.

Will Overloading A Generator Damage It?

There’s no way you overload your generator that you won’t increase its speed and fuel consumption. However, apart from these, there are still chances that overloading it might cause the generator to be damaged.

Hence, here are a few things that could happen when you overload your generator.

1. Your Generator Might Trip Off

When you add more loads to your generator than the required load needed, your generator might trip off because the loads on the generator have more power than what’s recommended by the manufacturers. And in most cases, this leads to the damage of your generator. However, sometimes, the circuit breaker would be the one to break off, and this usually happens when there’s an increase in speed.

2. Reduced Your Generator’s Lifespan

A generator that is supposed to have a lifespan of 20 years and more might be forced to reduce its lifespan to 10 years when being overloaded. This is as a result of the generator overworking than how it’s supposed to work.

For instance, your generator might start removing white smoke in a short period of time. Let’s say a normal generator is supposed to be used a year before smoking, but when overloaded it will be used approximately six months before starting to emulate white smoke.

And in some cases cause the generator to be damaged when existing for a certain period. At this time, the generator will develop different problems that will make it hard for your generator mechanic to fix it.

3. Engine And Alternator Overheating

Your generator might result in fire if your engine and alternator starts overheating. The overheating especially from the alternator is mostly caused when you overload your generator.

Your generator alternator is forced to perform a function it wasn’t designed to do which is powering appliances higher than the recommended appliance. And as for the engine, it might over work in less than, which can also cause it to have a reduction in lifespan.

4. Unpredictable Engine Failure

When a generator is overloaded, there might be an unpredictable engine failure. This may be as a result the generator losing control from its governor, or its connecting rod from the engine crankcase loose or breakdown or verve losing its pressure.

5. Oil Breakdown

Lastly, your generator oil can break down when working when you overload your generator on a daily basis. For instance, oil can decide to escape from places it should be and might end up causing your generator to stop working

In addition, your generator might end up causing a lot of noise when being overloaded. And if you are the kind of person that doesn’t like noisy generators, it’s advisable you allow it to run at a normal speed while working, and not overload it.

Final Thought

An increase in the load of your generator can cause your generator to slow down, and as a result also cause more damage to it. For instance, your generator tripping off, lifespan reduction, and also cause your generator to start making noise than it should.

So, in as much as it’s important for you to power your appliances, which might be too much for your generator; you can try to get a better one that can take in the load without disturbing the generator. That’s why it is important you know how to pick the best generator before going for any, to avoid issues like overloading and fuel consumptions.

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By Abdulmajeed Abdulwasiu

Abdulmajeed Abdulwasiu is the founder of Generator Hacks, a writer, student, generator consultant and generator mechanic. He has 7 years of experience repairing generators, which he learned from his uncle, but naturally, he’s a writer. He loves reading, and writing and hence if he’s not repairing generators he’s writing.

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